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ГРАЖДАНСКИ СЪДЕБЕН ПРОЦЕС В САЩ

Posted on October 23, 2013 - Filed Under Uncategorized | 153 Comments

Съдебен процес в САЩ, това е процесът на решаване на спорове осъществен чрез съдебната система след подаване или отговор на искова молба (complaint). Същността на исковата молба включително евентуалните резултати за всяка една страна, полага основите на преговорите за споразумение и рамките на съдебното решение.
Във федералните съдилища съдебният процес се дефинира от федерални правила сред които: Федерални правила на Гражданския процес ( the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure), Федерални правила на Наказателния процес (the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure), Федерални правила на Процедурата по обжалването (the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure), Федерални правила на Процедурата за банкрут (the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Proceedure), Федерални правила за Доказателствата (the Federal Rules of Evidence). Тези правила се допълват от местни правила на всеки съд, както и от разпорежданията на съдията.
Основните етапи на едно гражданско дело са както следва:
1. Иницииране на иск от ищеца чрез подаване на искова молба (complaint) в канцеларията на съда.
2. Конституира се ответникът в процеса.
3. Страните се срещат за да преговарят относно казуса, възможностите за спогодба, след което се подготвят за самия процес.
4. Съдът свиква предсъдебно подготвително заседание или издава предсъдебно разпореждане.
5. Ответникът може да подаде възражение. Повечето възражения се подават още в самото начало на процеса. Някои възражения могат да се подават и по-късно.
6. Ответникът подава отговор.
7. Страните представят доказателствата.
8. Всяка страна има право на допълнителни възражения.
9. Съдът свиква последно предсъдебно заседание.
10. Съдът започва съдебният процес.
11. Съдът постановява, подписва и обявява решението си.
12. Предсъдебните процедури може и да не се състоят.
13. Недоволната страна има право на обжалване. В зависимост от случая изпълнението на решението може да бъде спряно или не.
14. Обжалването може да бъде направено писмено или устно.
15. Жалбата се разглежда.
16. Може да има допълнителни процедури, може и да не се извършват никакви нови действия.
17. Постановява се решението.

Comments

153 Responses to “ГРАЖДАНСКИ СЪДЕБЕН ПРОЦЕС В САЩ”

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