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Сфери на Професионална Отговорност на Адвокатите в САЩ

Posted on October 9, 2013 - Filed Under Uncategorized | 133 Comments

Всяка от многобройните сфери на професионална отговорност на адвокатите съдържа отделна категория етични правила. Отделните сфери на отговорност могат да бъдат обобщени както следва: отношение адвокат-клиент, адвокатът като съветник, адвокатът като защитник, отношения с лица, които не са клиенти, правни фирми и асоциации, работа в полза на обществото, информация за предлаганите правни услуги и почтеност на професията. Правилата на поведение, които регламентират тези отговорности са предмет на тълкувания, на анализ и на допълване.
Адвокатът трябва да следва определени етични стандарти, когато работи с клиент. Адвокатът трябва да бъде адекватно подготвен за да представлява клиентът по конкретния правен въпрос. Ако адвокатът работи в правна сфера различна от конкретния казус, той не следва да таксува клиента за времето, което му е било нужно да се запознае с правната материя за да бъде в състояние да поеме случая.
Адвокатът трябва да изпълнява адвокатските задължения усърдно и своевременно и трябва да комуникира постоянно със своя клиент. Адвокатът също така трябва да се придържа към обема на представителни правомощия, и може да таксува клиента само с разумни такси. Няколко щата са приели правила, които забраняват на адвоката сексуалните връзки с клиентите.
Един от най-критичните елементи от професионалната отговорност е пазенето в конфиденциалност на информацията за представлявания клиент. През 2003 година, Американската асоциация на адвокатите (ААА) прие правила за конфиденциалност, които задължават адвокатите да дават информация за корпоративни престъпления и измами, за които те научават по време на представителството. Адвокатът също така не може да представлява други клиенти с интереси, които са различни от тези на неговите клиенти.
Въпросите за конфиденциалност и забраната за конфликт на интереси, показва разностранността на правилата касаещи отношенията адвокат-клиент. Не само, че адвокатът не може да представлява лица в конфликт на интереси с интересите на негов клиент, но и не може да представлява лица, които са в конфликт на интереси с тези на правната фирма в която адвоката работи. Например адвокатът не може да представлява обвиняем, ако друг адвокат от същата правна фирма представлява пострадалия по същото дело. Правна фирма може да представлява интереси противоположни на тези на бивш клиент на фирмата, само ако адвоката, който е представлявал този клиент вече е извън фирмата. Също така фирмата не може да представлява интереси противоположни на тези на бивш клиент на фирмата, ако някой от другите адвокати във фирмата има поверителна информация за бившия клиент относно конкретния правен казус. Ако поверителната информация стане публично известна, фирмата може да представлява противоположни интереси.

Comments

133 Responses to “Сфери на Професионална Отговорност на Адвокатите в САЩ”

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